teach a kid to swim

how to teach a kid to swim? don't fall into these 4 misunderstandings

Swimming can not only exercise the body, but also cultivate the strong will of the child. Recently, it is believed that swimming training from an early age is still one of the effective ways to develop intelligence.

When can children learn to swim? A large number of studies have shown that children are natural swimmers. Ms. Parks in the United States teaches newborns to swim. She puts the newborns in the water. The newborns are not afraid at all and float on the water. With this training, children will be able to conquer water well when they are three or four years old.

When the child is in the mother's womb, he grows up while swimming in the amniotic fluid for about 9 months. Therefore, it still has the ability to float and hold breath for a period of time after birth. Putting the newborn in the water, he was not afraid, and he opened his eyes naturally in the water. Of course, he still needs to breathe on the water, but he swims very well in the water and can learn to swim very quickly. Adults won’t work. Adults have become accustomed to life on land, not only inferior to newborns, but also inferior to nursing babies.

Therefore, many countries have put forward the idea of learning to swim first and then learning to walk. Swimming pools have been specially set up for young children and equipped with special coaches. Some children are called to swim in the water before they are born at the full moon.

The former Soviet Union, Germany and other countries with high swimming level in the world have carried out swimming training for babies just after birth, and have obtained some successful experiences.

Babies who have just reached the full moon can swim if they are in good physical and mental condition after being checked by a pediatrician and neurologist. It can be in the bathtub at first, and the water temperature should be 36-37℃ for the first time, and then it can be gradually reduced to 29-30℃. Practice 5-40 minutes each time, starting with a shorter time and gradually extending later. Before swimming, you can give your child a massage or gymnastics.

With the protection or assistance of the mother, the baby can float or dive. After exercising at home for a period of time, an adult can take it to the swimming pool to exercise after six months of age. In order to maintain the baby's swimming ability throughout his life, this training should continue for 2-3 years. If the training is interrupted for a month or two, the baby may lose the abilities it has acquired. Gradually extending the number of times a baby dives in the water is the basic condition for a successful baby swimming exercise.

Infancy is a period of vigorous physical growth in a lifetime. Using this golden period to let babies learn to swim is good for the child's physical and intellectual development.

First of all, all the complex movements of swimming are done under the control of the brain, so that the function of the brain will be improved during a long period of swimming. The specific manifestation is that the brain responds quickly to the external environment, and the intelligence is well developed. Regular swimming can also develop the myocardium, make the body's metabolism vigorous, and the heartbeat is slower and stronger than that of children of the same age, which prepares the conditions for taking on a greater physical burden.

In addition, the baby needs to overcome the pressure of the water to breathe in the water, and the breathing range is large, so the function of the respiratory system is also improved. This is manifested in the large lung breathing volume and long holding time. There are more ways to promote the growth and development of babies, but it can be said that it is a very important way for children to learn to swim from the early childhood.

Therefore, children must be practiced step by step in swimming.

You can first practice walking in shallow water, walking in circles, walking curves, walking forward, and backward, or you can do various actions in the water.

Gradually learn to exhale in the water. Practice holding your breath first, immerse your head in the water and hold your breath, open your eyes, look at things in the pool or count your fingers. Then he inhales enough, submerges his head in the water, exhales through his mouth and nose, and plays with bubbles. It is important to learn to exhale well, this is the key.

Learn the leg movements and hand movements of the frog swimming. You can do the mimicry of the frog swimming on the shore first, and learn the imitation of the frog swimming leg on the stone steps. These two movements can also be learned at home.

Then go into the water to do a floating movement, breaststroke kicking exercises or standing in the water for breaststroke hand movements, so that the baby knows how the hands and legs of the breaststroke are.

Swim with a rope, parents use a rope or strap to tie the baby's waist, and the other parent holds it, allowing the baby to do breaststroke in the water. After repeated practice for many times, the parents can relax the rope, and the child can learn.

In short, because children are born good swimmers, they are not difficult to learn. As long as adults can teach them well, they can usually learn a few times. After learning, the child's activity volume must be mastered. Generally speaking, the intensity can be higher, and the volume and density should be lower. This effect is better.

Misunderstandings about swimming learning

Misunderstanding 1
Learning to swim is for children to master a survival skill.

The "swimming" we talk about mostly refers to competitive swimming, which is strictly defined in the four strokes of butterfly, back, frog, and self, and is a sport performed in a swimming pool.

This is different from open waters (referring to natural waters such as rivers, rivers, lakes, and seas). Learning to swim is just for children to learn a way to keep fit. Because as long as danger occurs in the water, life is endangered, which is why the physical conditions are extremely demanding when recruiting divers.

Considering only from a safety point of view, humans are terrestrial animals, and it is best to stay away from the water. The good swimmer drowned in the water. There are too many unpredictable and irresistible dangers in the open waters. Don't let children take learning to swim in the pool as a chance to challenge these dangers. How to ensure the safety of swimming in open waters is also a big issue, so even if you learn to swim, do not encourage your children to swim in open waters.

Please keep the children in awe of the water forever. Remember, forever.

Misunderstanding 2
My child can learn to swim very quickly.

Most parents have a prejudice against their children learning to swim, that is, using one or two short courses to let their children learn to swim, this is actually just wishful thinking of the parents.

Imagine that if you can learn one swimming style in one or two months, you can learn four in half a year, and you can practice medley in one year. This possibility is quite small. So don't think that children can learn to swim in a short period of time, because this kind of thinking will also affect children subtly. One mistake that beginners can easily make is to be keen on "starting to swim", "how long can you swim" and so on. You must know that it is very simple to move in water. However, being able to move does not mean that you can swim. It is more accurate to call it water play.

Learning to swim is just like learning anything. At this age, when you are laying the foundation, the essence of learning should be the training of basic skills. Only solid basic training may bring the stamina for your children to swim better in the future. Basic training is the most boring and least effective, and it is easy to be ignored or abandoned.

So swimming is impossible and should not be learned in a short time. Of course, considering that most parents don't have much time to accompany their children to learn, participating in short holiday training is the ultimate helpless choice. Even so, I also advise parents to adjust their mentality, please give the short training class a reasonable psychological expectation. If you have the conditions, you can decide whether to take a long training after a short training. If you don't have the conditions, you can make swimming a regular fitness method for children under the guidance of parents after a few short trainings.

Misunderstanding 3
It is not intended to make children become professional athletes, so there is no need to study professionally.

Swimming is a very pure aerobic exercise with a certain technical content. Like running, skipping and many ball games, it can be accompanied by children for life. If they can be consistent in the process of growing up, children will surely benefit for life. Therefore, parents are requested to consider adjusting their children's study plan from one vacation to several vacations in the next few years. At the same time, please don't forget to make a step-by-step approach-spring planting, summer growth, autumn harvest, winter storage, every step is indispensable. Such as deep breathing, straight body sliding, it takes time to practice repeatedly, rather than intermittent operations. If you want to make every movement standard and become a subconscious instinct, you can only rely on time to polish it.

Also pay attention to educating children to learn to concentrate in swimming learning. Because beginners always want to try new things, this primitive impulse is both a motivation for learning and a stumbling block. The so-called concentration is reflected in the attention to training details and movement specifications, as well as the repeated practice of a certain stroke. Practice at least 70% to 80% of the standard for one stroke, and then start practicing other strokes. Don't choose the main item for your child prematurely. The four strokes can't be ignored.

In a word, even if you don't meet the high standards and requirements of professional athletes, even if you can't bear such a large amount of training physically, please learn in a professional way.

Misunderstanding 4
Start learning breaststroke first.
It is actually wrong to learn breaststroke as an introductory stroke. Breaststroke is easy to learn, but the technique is the most complicated and it is difficult to swim well. Especially the leg movements are the most complicated of all the technical aspects of swimming. Because it is easy to cause sports injuries, it is not suitable for long-distance travel. The slowest speed.

In various short training classes, breaststroke is regarded as the first stroke, mainly because it is easier for beginners to gain a sense of relative security based on its exercise physiology. First of all, because breaststroke is breathing with the head up, it is different from the side breathing of freestyle and the back breathing of backstroke. This is an instinctive and natural way of breathing for ordinary people in the water. Secondly, breaststroke is used with both hands at the same time, which is convenient to keep. Body balance; third, breaststroke is lying in the water, while backstroke is face up to the sky, freestyle is rolled sideways, and butterfly stroke is a wave forward. In contrast, breaststroke makes it easier for beginners to learn.

There is another reason why swimming classes choose breaststroke as their first choice. Although it takes three to five years to do standard breaststroke movements, breaststroke is easy to "swim". Parents are not allowed to pay five or six hundred yuan. After the children have attended more than a dozen classes, they still see the children practicing kicks. So even if it’s clear in their hearts, the coaches have no choice but to make the mistakes to the parents.

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